Toronto Stock Exchange – TSX

The Toronto Stock Exchange’s origin was believed to be from the Association of Brokers which was a group formed by Toronto businesspeople in 1852.    In 1861 twenty-four brokers met in Toronto at the Masonic Hall to form the Toronto Stock Exchange.   However, the exchange was not officially incorporated until 1878 by an act of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario.

The Toronto Stock Exchange is owned by the TMX group and is the largest of Canada’s stock exchanges.  Additionally, the TSX is the 8th largest stock exchange by market capitalization in the world totaling 3 trillion.

TSX, Toronto Stock Exchange

TSX Listings

As of September 2020, the TSX has 1,637 listings with 790 comprised of Exchange Traded Funds (“ETFs”).

Below is a sector breakdown of the listings:

Clean Technology & Renewable Energy
Closed-End Funds
Communications & Media
Consumer Products & Services
SPAC
ETFs
Financial Services
Industrial Products & Services
Life Sciences
Mining
Oil & Gas
Real Estate
Technology
Utilities & Pipelines
Total
Listed Issuers
# of listings
31
83
21
69
2
790
75
120
56
202
61
57
52
18
1,637
% of Listings
2%
5%
1%
4%
0.10%
48%
5%
7%
3%
12%
4%
3%
3%
1%
100%
Total Market Cap
($ millions)
68,371
21,604
191,377
293,041
547
229,015
739,804
374,898
31,964
469,979
97,646
91,253
281,367
248,820
3,085,686
%
2%
1%
6%
8%
0.02%
7%
24%
12%
1%
15%
3%
3%
9%
8%
100%
Geographically Speaking 96 (6%)  listings are international companies with the most listings based in Ontario at 1,098 (67%), followed by British Columbia at 137 (8%), Alberta with 150 (9%) and Quebec at 121 (7%).  Equally important the Prairies and Atlantic Canada account for 16 (1%) and 19 (1%) of the remaining listings.

TSX Listing Requirements

TSX listing requirements are broken down into three sectors:

1. Industrial, Technology and Research & Development  Companies

TSX Non-Exempt Technology Issuers
Earnings or Revenue

N/A

Cash Flow

N/A

Net Tangible Assets

N/A

Adequate Working Capital & Capital Structure
Funds to cover all planned development expenditures, capital expenditures, and G&A expenses for one year.
Cash in Treasury
Minimum $10,000,000 in the treasury, the majority of which has been raised by the issuance of securities qualified for distribution by a prospectus.
Products & Services
Evidence (satisfactory to TSX) that products or services at an advanced stage of development or commercialization and that management has the expertise and resources to develop the business.
Management & Board of Directors
Management, including the board of directors, should have adequate experience and technical expertise relevant to the company’s business and industry as well as adequate public company experience. Companies are required to have at least two independent directors, a Chief Executive Officer (CEO), a Chief Financial Officer who is not also the CEO, and a Corporate Secretary.
Public Distribution and Market Capitalization
Minimum 1,000,000 free trading public shares.
Minimum $10,000,000 held by public shareholders.
300 public shareholders each holding a board lot.
Minimum $50,000,000 market capitalization.
Sponsorship
Sponsor Report may be required (generally not required for IPOs or TSXV Graduates).
TSX NON-EXEMPT RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (R&D) ISSUERS
Earnings or Revenue

N/A

Cash Flow

N/A

Net Tangible Assets

N/A

Adequate Working Capital & Capital Structure
Funds to cover all planned R&D expenditures, capital expenditures and G&A expenses for two years.
Cash in Treasury
Minimum $12,000,000 in the treasury, the majority of which has been raised by the issuance of securities qualified for distribution by a prospectus.
Products & Services
Minimum two year operating history that includes R&D activities. Evidence (satisfactory to TSX) of technical expertise and resources to advance its research and development programme(s).
Management & Board of Directors
Management, including the board of directors, should have adequate experience and technical expertise relevant to the company’s business and industry as well as adequate public company experience. Companies are required to have at least two independent directors, a Chief Executive Officer (CEO), a Chief Financial Officer who is not also the CEO, and a Corporate Secretary.
Public Distribution and Market Capitalization
Minimum 1,000,000 free trading public shares.
Minimum $4,000,000 held by public shareholders.
300 public shareholders each holding a board lot or more.
Sponsorship
Sponsor Report may be required (generally not required for IPOs or TSXV Graduates).
TSX NON-EXEMPT FORECASTING PROFITABILITY
Earnings or Revenue
Evidence of earnings from on-going operations for the current or next fiscal year of at least $200,000 before tax and extraordinary items.
Cash Flow
Evidence of pre-tax cash flow for the current or next fiscal year of at least $500,000.
Net Tangible Assets
$7,500,000
Adequate Working Capital & Capital Structure
Working capital to carry on the business, and an appropriate capital structure.
Cash in Treasury

N/A

Products & Services

N/A

Management & Board of Directors
Management, including the board of directors, should have adequate experience and technical expertise relevant to the company’s business and industry as well as adequate public company experience. Companies are required to have at least two independent directors, a Chief Executive Officer (CEO), a Chief Financial Officer who is not also the CEO, and a Corporate Secretary.
Public Distribution and Market Capitalization
Minimum 1,000,000 free trading public shares.
Minimum $4,000,000 held by public shareholders.
300 public shareholders each holding a board lot or more.
Sponsorship
Sponsor Report may be required (generally not required for IPOs or TSXV Graduates).
TSX NON-EXEMPT PROFITABLE ISSUERS
Earnings or Revenue
Earnings from on-going operations of at least $200,000 before tax and extraordinary items in the last fiscal year.
Cash Flow
Pre-tax cash flow of $500,000 in the last fiscal year.
Net Tangible Assets
$2,000,000
Adequate Working Capital & Capital Structure
Working capital to carry on the business, and an appropriate capital structure.
Cash in Treasury

N/A

Products & Services

N/A

Management & Board of Directors
Management, including the board of directors, should have adequate experience and technical expertise relevant to the company’s business and industry as well as adequate public company experience. Companies are required to have at least two independent directors, a Chief Executive Officer (CEO), a Chief Financial Officer who is not also the CEO, and a Corporate Secretary.
Public Distribution and Market Capitalization
Minimum 1,000,000 free trading public shares.
Minimum $4,000,000 held by public shareholders.
300 public shareholders each holding a board lot or more.
Sponsorship
Sponsor Report may be required (generally not required for IPOs or TSXV Graduates).
TSX EXEMPT INDUSTRIAL COMPANIES
Earnings or Revenue
Earnings from on-going operations of at least $300,000 before tax and extraordinary items in the last fiscal year.
Cash Flow
Pre-tax cash flow of $700,000 in the last fiscal year, and an average pre-tax cash flow of $500,000 for the past two fiscal years.
Net Tangible Assets
$7,500,000
Adequate Working Capital & Capital Structure
Working capital to carry on the business, and an appropriate capital structure.
Cash in Treasury

N/A

Products & Services

N/A

Management & Board of Directors
Management, including the board of directors, should have adequate experience and technical expertise relevant to the company’s business and industry as well as adequate public company experience. Companies are required to have at least two independent directors, a Chief Executive Officer (CEO), a Chief Financial Officer who is not also the CEO, and a Corporate Secretary.
Public Distribution and Market Capitalization
Minimum 1,000,000 free trading public shares.
Minimum $4,000,000 held by public shareholders.
300 public shareholders each holding a board lot or more.
Sponsorship
Not Required

2. Mining Companies

TSX Non-Exempt Exploration and Development Stage
Property Requirements
Advanced Property detailed in technical report prepared by an independent qualified person. Minimum 50% ownership of property.
Recommended Work Program
$750,000 on advanced exploration property as recommended in a technical report prepared by an independent qualified person.
Working Capital and Financial Resources
Minimum $2,000,000 working capital and appropriate capital structure. Sufficient funds to complete planned programme meeting G&A costs, property payments and capital expenditures for 18 months.
Net Tangible Assets, Earnings or Revenue
$3,000,000 net tangible assets.
Other Criteria
Management-prepared 18 month projection (by quarter) of sources and uses of funds detailing all expenditures and signed by CFO.
Management & Board of Directors
Management, including board of directors, should have adequate experience and technical expertise relevant to the company’s mining projects as well as adequate public company experience. Companies are required to have at least two independent directors, a Chief Executive Officer (CEO), a Chief Financial Officer who is not also the CEO, and a Corporate Secretary.
Distribution, Market Capitalization and Public Float
Minimum 1,000,000 freely tradeable shares with market value of $4,000,000 held by at least 300 public holders, each with one board lot or more.
Sponsorship
Sponsor Report may be required (generally not required for IPOs or TSXV Graduates).
TSX NON-EXEMPT Producer
Property Requirements
At least three years proven and probable reserves as calculated by an independent qualified person (if not in production, a production decision made).
Recommended Work Program
Bringing the mine into commercial production.
Working Capital and Financial Resources
Sufficient funds to bring the mine into commercial production; plus adequate working capital for all budgeted capital expenditures and to carry on the business.
Net Tangible Assets, Earnings or Revenue
$4,000,000 net tangible assets; evidence indicating a reasonable likelihood of future profitability supported by a feasibility study or documented historical production and financial performance.
Other Criteria
Management-prepared 18 month projection (by quarter) of sources and uses of funds detailing all expenditures and signed by CFO.
Management & Board of Directors
Management, including board of directors, should have adequate experience and technical expertise relevant to the company’s mining projects as well as adequate public company experience. Companies are required to have at least two independent directors, a Chief Executive Officer (CEO), a Chief Financial Officer who is not also the CEO, and a Corporate Secretary.
Distribution, Market Capitalization and Public Float
Minimum 1,000,000 freely tradeable shares with market value of $4,000,000 held by at least 300 public holders, each with one board lot or more.
Sponsorship
Sponsor Report may be required (generally not required for IPOs or TSXV Graduates).
TSX Exempt
Property Requirements
At least three years proven and probable reserves as estimated by an independent qualified person.
Recommended Work Program
Commercial level mining operations.
Working Capital and Financial Resources
Adequate working capital to carry on the business. Appropriate capital structure.
Net Tangible Assets, Earnings or Revenue
$7,500,000 net tangible assets; pre-tax profitability from ongoing operations in last fiscal year; pre-tax cash flow of $700,000 in last fiscal year and average pre-tax cash flow of $500,000 for past two fiscal years.
Other Criteria
Up-to-date, comprehensive technical report prepared by independent qualified person.
Management & Board of Directors
Management, including board of directors, should have adequate experience and technical expertise relevant to the company’s mining projects as well as adequate public company experience. Companies are required to have at least two independent directors, a Chief Executive Officer (CEO), a Chief Financial Officer who is not also the CEO, and a Corporate Secretary.
Distribution, Market Capitalization and Public Float
Minimum 1,000,000 freely tradeable shares with market value of $4,000,000 held by at least 300 public holders, each with one board lot or more.
Sponsorship
Not required.

3. Oil & Gas (Exploration or Producing) Companies

TSX NON-EXEMPT OIL AND GAS DEVELOPMENT STAGE ISSUERS
Net Tangible Assets or Earnings
No requirements.
Working Capital and Financial Resources
Adequate funds to either:
(a) execute the development plan and cover all other capital expenditures & G&A and debt service expenses, for 18 months with a contingency allowance;
OR (b) bring the property into commercial production, and adequate working capital to fund all budgeted capital expenditures and carry on the business.
Applicable to both (a) and (b)
18 month projection of sources and uses of funds signed by CFO; appropriate capital structure.
Distribution, Market Capitalization and Public Float
At least 1,000,000 freely tradable shares with an aggregate market value of $4,000,000; minimum 300 public holders, each with one board lot or more.
Minimum market value of the issued securities that are to be listed of at least $200,000,000.
Sponsorship
Sponsor report may be required (generally not required for IPOs or TSXV Graduates).
Property Requirements
Contingent resources of $500,000,000
Recommended WorkProgram
Clearly defined development plan, satisfactory to TSX, which can reasonably be expected to advance the property.
Management and Board of Directors
Management, including the board of directors, should have adequate experience and technical expertise relevant to the company’s oil and gas projects as well as adequate public company experience. Companies are required to have at least two independent directors, a Chief Executive Officer (CEO), a Chief Financial Officer who is not also the CEO, and a Corporate Secretary.
Other Criteria
Up-to-date technical report prepared by an independent technical consultant (NI 51-101).
TSX NON-EXEMPT Oil and Gas Producing Issuers
Net Tangible Assets or Earnings
No requirements.
Working Capital and Financial Resources
Adequate funds to execute the program and cover all other capital expenditures and G&A1 and debt service expenses for 18 months with a contingency allowance; 18 month projection of sources and uses of funds signed by CFO; appropriate capital structure.
Distribution, Market Capitalization and Public Float
At least 1,000,000 freely tradable shares with an aggregate market value of $4,000,000; minimum 300 public holders, each with one board lot or more.
Sponsorship
Sponsor report may be required (generally not required for IPOs or TSXV Graduates).
Property Requirements
$3,000,000 proved developed reserves.
Recommended WorkProgram
Clearly defined program
Management and Board of Directors
Management, including the board of directors, should have adequate experience and technical expertise relevant to the company’s oil and gas projects as well as adequate public company experience. Companies are required to have at least two independent directors, a Chief Executive Officer (CEO), a Chief Financial Officer who is not also the CEO, and a Corporate Secretary.
Other Criteria
Up-to-date technical report prepared by an independent technical consultant (NI 51-101).
TSX Exempt Oil and Gas Issuers
Net Tangible Assets or Earnings
Pre-tax profitability from ongoing operations in last fiscal year. Pre-tax cash flow from ongoing operations of $700,000 in last fiscal year and average pre-tax cash flow from ongoing operations of $500,000 for the past two fiscal years.
Working Capital and Financial Resources
Adequate working capital to carry on the business. Appropriate capital structure.
Distribution, Market Capitalization and Public Float
At least 1,000,000 freely tradable shares with an aggregate market value of $4,000,000; minimum 300 public holders, each with one board lot or more.
Sponsorship
Not required.
Property Requirements
$7,500,000 proved developed reserves.
Recommended WorkProgram

N/A

Management and Board of Directors
Management, including the board of directors, should have adequate experience and technical expertise relevant to the company’s oil and gas projects as well as adequate public company experience. Companies are required to have at least two independent directors, a Chief Executive Officer (CEO), a Chief Financial Officer who is not also the CEO, and a Corporate Secretary.
Other Criteria
Up-to-date technical report prepared by an independent technical consultant (NI 51-101).
In addition, TSX also offers Special Purpose Acquisition Corporation (“SPAC”) listings.  You can learn more about SPACs here.

TSX Listing  & Annual Fees

Following is an overview of listing and annual fees for the TSX.  Keep in mind their are other associated fees in going public as well as the cost of being public.

TSX Application Fee

There is a non-refundable application fee of $10,000 when submitting the application and will be subtracted from the listing fee.

TSX Listing Fee

Base
$0
$5M
$10M
$50M
$100M
Maximum fee $200,000
Listing Capitalization
up to $5M
up to $10M
up to $50M
up to $100M
and above
Base Fee
$10,000
$17,100
$23,950
$76,750
$140,250
+Variable Fee Rate for Listing Capitalization in Excess of Base Listing Capitalization
0.142%
0.137%
0.132%
0.127%
0.122%

TSX Annual Fee

Base
$0
$100M
$300M
$700M
Maximum fee $125,000
Market Capitalization
up to $100M
up to $300M
up to $700M
and above
Base Fee
$12,000
$24,000
$44,000
$76,000
+Variable Fee Rate for Market Capitalization in Excess of Base Market Capitalization
0.012%
0.010%
0.008%
0.006%

In conclusion, the Toronto Stock Exchange being the largest exchange in Canada has the highest listing standards and requirements.    If you are looking at listing your company on the TSX or one of the other 4 stock exchanges in Canada such as the TSX Venture – TSXV, the Neo Exchange – Neo, or the Canadian Securities Exchange – CSE please fill in the form to the right and we will be happy to discuss.